Self-Clarity and Ways of Coping Among Jewish, Muslim, and Christian Adolescents and Emerging Adults

Helen Kakounda-Moullem, Moshe Israelashvili*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Existing literature supports the notion that adolescent’s level of self-esteem is significantly related to negative health outcomes and that this relatedness is mediated by the adolescent’s way of coping. However, the role of self-clarity, rather than the level of self-esteem, is still understudied. The current study explored the relationships between level of self-clarity and preferred ways of coping among three religious groups—Jews (N = 245), Muslim Arabs (N = 244), and Christian Arabs (N = 241), with each of these groups comprised of two age cohorts—adolescents (N = 383) and emerging adults (N = 347)—living in either mixed-religion (N = 376) or non-mixed-religion residential areas (N = 344). Study findings indicate that across religion and age-groups, lower self-clarity is associated with a higher tendency to use disengagement as a way of coping. It is suggested that interventions to promote adolescents’ active coping and resilience (e.g., as part of an effort to prevent health problems) should firstly pursue the promotion of adolescents’ self-clarity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1766-1781
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Religion and Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Adolescents
  • Emerging adults
  • Self-clarity
  • Ways of coping


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