Self-Anchoring in the Minimal Group Paradigm: The Impact of Need and Ability to Achieve Cognitive Structure

Sabine Otten*, Yoram Bar-Tal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A study is reported that focused on the role of self-anchoring in the definition of social groups. We assumed that group members give meaning to a novel ingroup by defining it as similar to the self. Moreover, the need and ability to engage in cognitive structuring should affect this process. A minimal group study in which self, ingroup and outgroup evaluations were obtained supported these hypotheses. Regression analysis revealed that self-evaluations predicted ingroup evaluations, but that this effect was qualified by an interaction with ability and need for cognitive structuring. Participants high both in the need for cognitive structure and the ability to achieve cognitive structure relied most heavily on the self as a heuristic for ingroup evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-284
Number of pages18
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002

Keywords

  • ability to achieve cognitive structure
  • ingroup favoritism
  • minimal group paradigm
  • need for cognitive structure
  • self-anchoring

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