Desmoid fibromatoses (DFs) are locally aggressive tumors composed of monoclonal fibroblasts within an abundant extracellular matrix. Systemic doxorubicin treatment is effective, but toxic. We investigated arterial doxorubicin eluting embolization (DEE), an approach characterized by high drug concentrations in the tumor alongside limited systemic drug exposure. The primary and secondary endpoints were radiological response using MRI and RECIST 1.1, respectively. The study included 24 patients (median age, 24; interquartile range, 16–34 years). Data were collected prospectively for 9 patients and retrospectively for 15 patients. The most frequent tumor locations were chest/abdomen wall and neck/shoulder/axilla (29% each). Of 24 patients, 7 (24%) were treatment naïve, and 17 (71%) had received one or two prior treatments. Patients underwent a median of two treatments (range, 1–4), with a median of 49 mg (range, 8–75) doxorubicin/treatment. Efficacy outcomes were available for 23 patients. With a median follow-up of 8 months (interquartile range, 3–13), median tumor volumes decreased by 59% (interquartile range, 40–71%) and T2 signal intensity decreased by 36% (interquartile range, 19–55%). Of 23 patients, 9 (39%), 12 (52%), and 2 (9%) had a partial response, stable disease, and progressive disease, respectively. DEE was safe and well tolerated, with one reported grade 3–4 adverse event (cord injury). In conclusion, DEE was safe and achieved rapid clinical/volumetric responses in DFs.
- desmoid fibromatoses
- doxorubicin eluting embolization (DEE)