Selection of patients with habitual abortion for paternal leucocyte immunization

H. J.A. Carp*, V. Toder, E. Gazit, S. Orgad, S. Mashiach, D. M. Serr, L. Nebel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


After potentiation of the immune response in habitual aborters 75-85% of subsequent pregnancies are claimed to result in healthy term infants. However, all publications to date have either been based on the authors concept of the immune processes involved or an attempt to demonstrate the efficacy of treatment either empirically or by matched trials. As immunization is coming into wider clinical use, it is necessary to determine which patients will benefit from this form of treatment. This paper presents our experience with paternal leucocyte immunization over the period 1985-1988. 207 patients were classified on a clinical basis and by immunological testing. 143 patients have been immunised, 129 pregnancies have occured in 108 patients. The vast majority of our patients have recurrent missed abortions. Only six women habitually aborted live fetuses. Two had subsequent live births. Secondary aborters seem to do well in subsequent pregnancies, whether immunized or not. The patient most likely to benefit from immunization is the Primary missed aborter who does not possess antipaternal antibody (APCA), but is induced to produce APCA by immunization. Using these criteria, 75% success rates are observed in the subsequent pregnancy. This success rate is irrespective of HLA antigen sharing or invitro mixed lymphocyte reactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Nov 1990


  • Habitual abortion
  • Immunopotentiation
  • Missed abortion


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