Seizures in E200K familial and sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

S. Appel*, J. Chapman, O. S. Cohen, H. Rosenmann, Z. Nitsan, I. Blatt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although seizures (other than myoclonus) are frequently reported in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), their frequency, clinical manifestations, and effect on the disease course is unknown. Objectives: To characterize the frequency of seizures in E200K familial and sporadic CJD, to describe its semiology, EEG and MRI findings. Methods: In this retrospective study, we reviewed all patients with CJD who were seen in the Sheba Medical Center between the years 2003-2012 and underwent clinical evaluation, genetic testing, EEG and MRI studies. The diagnosis of seizures was carried out based on documentation of episodes consistent with seizures or episode of unresponsiveness correlated with ictal activity in EEG. Results: Sixty-four probable patients with CJD were included in the study, 57 (89%) with E200K familial (fCJD) and 7 (11%) with sporadic (sCJD). Seizures occurred in 8 patients: 3 of 7 (43%) in patients with sCJD compared to 5/57 (9%) in patients with E200K fCJD (P = 0.04, chi-square test). Two of E200K fCJD patients with seizures had other non-prion etiologies for seizures (brain metastasis, known history of temporal lobe epilepsy which started 44 years before the diagnosis of CJD). Seizures occurred late in the course of the disease with an average of 12 days between the onset of seizures and death. Conclusion: Seizures in E200K fCJD were infrequent and occurred late in the disease course. This difference suggests that E200K fCJD represents a separate subtype of the disease with distinct clinical characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-157
Number of pages6
JournalActa Neurologica Scandinavica
Volume131
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • E200K familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Prion disease
  • Seizures
  • Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease epilepsy

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