Sedation in outpatient bronchoscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Bronchoscopy is a procedure that is likely to provoke anxiety as the patient is surrounded by monitoring and bronchoscopy equipment, and care is administered by strangers who perform intimate, invasive, and sometimes, painful procedures. Sedation is needed, therefore, to allay anxiety and reduce stress, improve patient comfort and co-operation, provide amnesia and facilitate the bronchoscopic procedure. In this review we try to summarize the current knowledge on currently used sedation protocols with special reference to the commonly used pharmacological agents. We believe sedation should be used routinely in fiberoptic bronchoscopy in order to achieve a safe and pleasant procedure for both the patient and the pulmonologist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1145-1153
Number of pages9
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Analgesia
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Fiberoptic bronchoscopy
  • Opiates
  • Sedation
  • Topical anaesthesia


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