Second-trimester and early third-trimester spontaneous uterine rupture: A 32-year single-center survey

Ron Maymon, Matan Mor, Moshe Betser, Nadav Kugler, Zvi Vaknin, Marina Pekar-Zlotin, Yaakov Melcer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Second-trimester and early third-trimester uterine rupture in a nonlaboring woman is a very rare and life-threatening condition for both mothers and newborns. We aimed to present clinical characteristics, prenatal findings, and maternal and neonatal outcomes following second-trimester and early third-trimester spontaneous antepartum uterine rupture in our institute. Method: The medical records of all women with full-thickness second-trimester and early third-trimester uterine rupture treated in our department from 1988 to 2019 were retrieved from the institutional database and reviewed. Small uterine defects, incomplete ruptures, and silent uterine incision dehiscence were excluded. Results: From 1988 to 2019, 213 665 deliveries were recorded in our institute. Of these, 12 patients experienced second-trimester or early third-trimester spontaneous uterine rupture. Obstetric history revealed that 50% of the women in each period had undergone previous classical uterine incisions and 50% had a short interpregnancy (IP) interval. The mean age at diagnosis of uterine rupture was 26.3 ± 5.1 weeks. The ruptures were associated with abnormal placentation in 10 cases (83.3%): placenta previa (n = 7); and placenta previa and percreta (n = 3). No maternal mortality occurred. Seven of the 10 (70%) viable newborns survived. Conclusions: The increasing rates of cesarean births (CB) may lead to iatrogenic complications including midgestational prelabor spontaneous uterine rupture, an obstetric emergency, which is hard to diagnose. Maternal and neonatal outcomes can be optimized by a greater awareness of the risk factors, recognition of clinical signs and symptoms, and the availability of ultrasound to assist in establishing a diagnosis to enable prompt surgical intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalBirth
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • cesarean
  • emergency
  • midgestation
  • spontaneous
  • uterine rupture

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Second-trimester and early third-trimester spontaneous uterine rupture: A 32-year single-center survey'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this