Seasonal pattern of manic episode admissions among bipolar i disorder patients is associated with male gender and presence of psychotic features

Eldar Hochman*, Avi Valevski, Roy Onn, Abraham Weizman, Amir Krivoy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Bipolar I disorder (BD-I) patients demonstrate disrupted chronobiology expressed as seasonal variation in mood symptoms. The seasonal pattern (SP) specifier of mood disorders was recently extended by the DSM-5, to be applied to manic episodes. However, the significance of seasonality of manic episodes for the course of BD-I is unknown. In the present study we sought to identify clinical and demographic features that discriminate between BD-I patients with and without SP of manic admissions. Methods BD-I patients (n=148) admitted at least twice with the same mood exacerbation type, were retrospectively followed between 2005 and 2013. Demographic and clinical characteristics were compared between BD-I patients with or without SP of manic admissions. Results SP of manic episode admissions, found in 31 (26%) of 117 BD-I patients with repeated manic episode admissions, was associated with higher rates of male gender (p=0.01), presence of psychotic features (p=0.01) and comorbid substance use disorder (p<0.05) compared to patients without SP. In a multivariate analysis, SP of manic episode admissions was associated with the presence of psychotic features (OR 8.42, 95% CI: 1.05-67.65, p<0.05) and male gender (OR 3.23, 95% CI: 1.08-9.65, p<0.05), but not with comorbidity of substance use disorder (OR 1.79, 95% CI: 0.71-4.50, p=0.24). Limitations Seasonal psychological/environmental factors contributing to the emergent of mood episodes could not be ruled out. Conclusions Our results suggest that SP of manic admissions is associated with male gender and the presence of psychotic features, thus might be associated with more severe form of the disorder.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-127
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume190
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Psychotic features
  • Seasonal pattern
  • Substance use disorder

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