Search for inherited susceptibility to radiation-associated meningioma by genomewide SNP linkage disequilibrium mapping

F. J. Hosking, D. Feldman, R. Bruchim, B. Olver, A. Lloyd, J. Vijayakrishnan, P. Flint-Richter, P. Broderick, R. S. Houlston, S. Sadetzki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background:Exposure to ionising radiation is a well-established risk factor for multiple types of tumours, including malignant brain tumours. In the 1950s, radiotherapy was used to treat Tinea Capitis (TC) in thousands of children, mostly of North-African and Middle Eastern origin, during the mass migration to Israel. The over-representation of radiation-associated meningioma (RAM) and other cancers in specific families provide support for inherited genetic susceptibility to radiation-induced cancer.Methods:To test this hypothesis, we genotyped 15 families segregating RAM using high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays. Using the family-based association test (FBAT) programme, we tested each polymorphism and haplotype for an association with RAM.Results:The strongest haplotype associations were attained at 18q21.1 (P7.5 × 10-5), 18q21.31 (P2.8 × 10-5) and 10q21.3 (P1.6 × 10-4). Although associations were not formally statistically significant after adjustment for multiple testing, the 18q21.1 and 10q21.3 associations provide support for a variation in PIAS2, KATNAL2, TCEB3C, TCEB3CL and CTNNA3 genes as risk factors for RAM.Conclusion:These findings suggest that any underlying genetic susceptibility to RAM is likely to be mediated through the co-inheritance of multiple risk alleles rather than a single major gene locus determining radiosensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1049-1054
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2011

Keywords

  • genetic
  • ionising radiation
  • meningioma
  • sensitivity

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