Screening older, blue-collar workers for drinking problems: An assessment of the efficacy of the drinking problems index

Peter A. Bamberger, William J. Sonnenstuhl, Dana Vashdi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The authors examine the performance of the Drinking Problems Index (DPI) as a screening instrument for the identification of drinking problems among older blue-collar workers. Performance was assessed using a random sample of 1055 retirement-eligible blue-collar workers with the CAGE as a problem-drinking criterion. The authors also assessed the relative performance of the DPI versus the CAGE on the basis of each instrument's sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) with regard to other alcohol-related criteria. DPI was found to offer reasonable levels of sensitivity and specificity, although its sensitivity varied by age. Moreover, for older, blue-collar workers, the DPI was found to more effectively screen for problematic patterns of alcohol consumption than the CAGE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-134
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Occupational Health Psychology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alcohol screening
  • Blue collar workers and drinking
  • Drinking Problems Index
  • Problem drinking among older workers

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