Scoliosis in osteogenesis imperfecta: results of posterior spinal fusion in 39 patients

Oded Rabau, Ahmad Essa*, Yossi Smorgick, Yoram Anekstein, Kumar Abhishek, Neil Saran, Jean Ouellet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of scoliosis corrective surgery in Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) patients with primarily pedicles screw fixation in terms of correcting and maintaining the correction of the spinal deformity, and to assess for several peri-operative parameters and complications associated with this surgical treatment. Methods: Retrospective case series of 39 consecutive patients with OI treated surgically for scoliosis. The surgeries were performed between 2002 and 2020 by three different surgeons. All patients’ medical peri-operative and post-operative charts were evaluated. Radiological assessment was performed by evaluation of the pre-operative, immediate post-operative and last follow-up plain radiographs. Results: There were 20 females and 19 males included in this review with a mean age of 14 years (range, 6–20 years) at the time of surgery. The median follow-up time was 7.9 years. The mean pre-operative cobb angle (CA) of the major curve was 76.5 degrees (SD ± 18.9), decreasing to 42.6 (SD ± 17.4) in the long-term post-operative follow-up (P < 0.001). A total of 21 adverse events in 16 patients were noted. Only 4 patients required subsequent invasive surgical treatment or prolonged hospital stay. All other patients were treated conservatively with no lasting complication. Conclusion: Scoliosis surgical correction in OI patients seems to yield acceptable results, with maintained coronal plane surgical correction in the long-term follow-up. Even though a high peri-operative complications rate is observed in this series, there were no long-term sequelae or lasting complications. Level of Evidence: Level IV, Case series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1146-1152
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Long-term results
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Posterior spinal fusion
  • Scoliosis
  • Scoliotic deformity

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