School-NGO interaction: case studies of Israel and Germany

Netta Sagie, Miri Yemini*, Ullrich Bauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the interaction between schools and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Israeli and German education systems from the perspective of the stakeholders involved: school principals, the NGOs’ leadership, and regulatory authorities in each country. Design/methodology/approach – The study documents the process by which the interactions between schools and NGOs emerge, the motivations of each of the involved stakeholders, how stakeholders perceive the interaction and the power relations between the involved stakeholders. The study was conducted using the qualitative “grounded theory” methodology, which the authors applied to develop a concept that is anchored in data collected through the research and systematically analyzed. Findings – Using case studies, the authors examine how the relationships between the formal education system and the external entity are formed, reveal the motivations and strategies of the stakeholders involved in the interaction, and investigate the partnerships’ development process in the two different educational systems studied. Findings from the study leading to the conclusion that school-NGO interaction is based on entrepreneurial activities on the part of the school principals and the NGOs, which is gradually becoming institutionalized. Originality/value – Through this study, the authors have developed a new empirical based theory on the interaction between schools and NGOs as entrepreneurial activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-490
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 11 Jul 2016


  • Entrepreneurship
  • NGO
  • Schools


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