We present a patient in whom scapulectomy was performed to treat a huge malignant fibrous hystiocytoma of the back. Computed tomographic examination showed the tumor to have invaded the musculature of the upper back and about the scapula. To achieve adequate surgical excision, a major portion of the skin and soft tissue of the upper back was excised in conjunction with subtotal scapulectomy. The defect, with exposed vertebral spines and transected scapula, was covered with an ipsilateral latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap. Now, four years postoperatively, the patient has no evidence of recurrent disease and has good use of his arm. Total or partial excision of the scapula is rarely performed and poses unique problems. As our case demonstrates, scapulectomy (combined with musculocutaneous flap) is well tolerated, and surgeons should not be discouraged from using it when appropriate.