Scanning electron microscope and dye penetration test - comparison of root canal preparation with 15 F CO2 laser microprobe versus conventional method- in vivo study

Gavriel Kesler, Rumelia Koren, Anat Kesler, Nissim Hay, Rivka Gal

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The study was conducted on 30 vital maxillary or mandibulary teeth destined for extraction due to periodontal problems. 21 were experimentally treated with pulsed CO2 laser delivered by a newly developed fiber and 9 teeth represented the control group. The micro probe is a flexible, hollow, metal fiber, 300μm in diameter and 20 mm in length, coupled onto a handpiece, with the following radiation parameters: wavelength-10.6μm; pulse duration-50m.sec; energy per pulse 0.25 joule; energy density-360 J/cm2 per pulse; power on tissue-5W. The laser group was divided into three, receiving 20, 40 or 60 pulses, respectively. On light microscopy: in all the control group cases, large amount of residual pulp tissue was seen, it was diminished in some of the low energy group and was totally eradicated in the high energy group. This was confirmed by the Scanning Electron microscope (SEM) examination. The dentin tubuli were partly occluded with the low energy levels and completely with the high levels, as shown by the high-speed centrifuge dye penetration tests and by the SEM tests.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume3593
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 Lasers in Dentistry V - San Jose, CA, USA
Duration: 24 Jan 199925 Jan 1999

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