Scalp-recorded induced gamma-band responses to auditory stimulation and its correlations with saccadic muscle-activity

Shlomit Yuval-Greenberg*, Leon Y. Deouell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We previously showed that the transient broadband induced gamma-band response in EEG (iGBRtb) appearing around 200-300 ms following a visual stimulus reflects the contraction of extra-ocular muscles involved in the execution of saccades, rather than neural oscillations. Several previous studies reported induced gamma-band responses also following auditory stimulation. It is still an open question whether, similarly to visual paradigms, such auditory paradigms are also sensitive to the saccadic confound. In the current study we address this question using simultaneous eye-tracking and EEG recordings during an auditory oddball paradigm. Subjects were instructed to respond to a rare target defined by sound source location, while fixating on a central screen. Results show that, similar to what was found in visual paradigms, saccadic rate displayed typical temporal dynamics including a post-stimulus decrease followed by an increase. This increase was more moderate, had a longer latency, and was less consistent across subjects than was found in the visual case. Crucially, the temporal dynamics of the induced gamma response were similar to those of saccadic-rate modulation. This suggests that the auditory induced gamma-band responses recorded on the scalp may also be affected by saccadic muscle activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Topography
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Auditory
  • EEG
  • High frequency
  • Human
  • Induced gamma
  • Microsaccades
  • Saccades
  • Spike potential

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