## Abstract

This paper presents an anti-windup PI controller, using a saturating integrator, for a single-input single-output stable nonlinear plant, whose steady-state input-output map is increasing. We prove that, under reasonable assumptions, there exists an upper bound on the controller gain such that for any constant reference input, the corresponding equilibrium point of the closed-loop system is exponentially stable, with a large region of attraction. When the state of the closed-loop system converges to this equilibrium point, then the tracking error tends to zero. The closed-loop stability analysis employs Lyapunov methods in the framework of singular perturbations theory. Finally, we show that if the plant satisfies the asymptotic gain property, then the closed-loop system is globally asymptotically stable for any sufficiently small controller gain. The effectiveness of the proposed PI controller is proved by showing how it performs as part of the control algorithm of a synchronverter (a special type of DC to AC power converter).

Original language | English |
---|---|

Journal | IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control |

DOIs | |

State | Accepted/In press - 2022 |

## Keywords

- Actuators
- Closed loop systems
- Linear systems
- Lyapunov methods
- Nonlinear systems
- Perturbation methods
- Trajectory
- Windup
- nonlinear systems
- proportional-integral control
- saturating integrator
- singular perturbation method
- synchronverter
- windup