Sarcoidosis in Israel: Clinical Outcome Status, Organ Involvement, and Long-Term Follow-Up

Natalia Markevitz, Gali Epstein Shochet, Yair Levi, Lilach Israeli-Shani, David Shitrit*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Sarcoidosis is a chronic granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown etiology with heterogeneous outcomes. This study reviewed the clinical outcome status (COS) and organ involvement of Israeli sarcoidosis patients during a five-year period. Further, we compared our results to the ‘World Association of Sarcoidosis and Other Granulomatous Disease’ (WASOG) COS and the ‘A Case Control Etiologic Study of Sarcoidosis’ (ACCESS) instruments in order to evaluate their relevance to the Israeli population. Methods: The retrospective study group consisted of 166 sarcoidosis patients for the period of 2010–2015. Data on demographic characteristics, presenting symptoms, co-morbidities, disease duration, lung function tests, treatment program, chest X-ray, and chest high-resolution computed tomography were collected. Results: The median patient age was 62 ± 14, which was significantly higher than the WASOG and ACCESS cohorts (p < 0.0001), and the average disease duration was 9.8 ± 7.5 years. Resembling the ACCESS cohort, most patients were women (67.5%). The majority of patients suffered from constitutional symptoms (86%), as well as from respiratory symptoms (38.5%). Similarly to the ACCESS cohort, 91% of patients presented with lung involvement. However, significant differences in the involvement of other organs were noted, including lymph nodes (3 vs. 15.2%), liver (3.6 vs. 11.5%), CNS (7.2 vs. 4.6%), and joints (3.6 vs. 0.5%). In addition, significant differences were observed in the COS of the Israeli population in comparison to the WASOG data (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Sarcoidosis in Israel is a unique and challenging disease with its clinical presentations that differ from previously reported studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-424
Number of pages6
JournalLung
Volume195
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • ACCESS
  • COS
  • Israel
  • Sarcoidosis
  • WASOG

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sarcoidosis in Israel: Clinical Outcome Status, Organ Involvement, and Long-Term Follow-Up'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this