Salmonella enterica serotype Virchow: Epidemiology, resistance patterns and molecular characterisation of an invasive Salmonella serotype in Israel

M. Weinberger, H. Solnik-Isaac, D. Shachar, A. Reisfeld, L. Valinsky, N. Andorn, V. Agmon, R. Yishai, R. Bassal, A. Fraser, Simay Yaron*, D. Cohen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study outlines the unique epidemiology of Salmonella enterica serotype Virchow in Israel. Between 1997 and 2002, the overall incidence of non-typhoid Salmonella enterica (NTS) decreased from 69.3 to 53.3 infections/100 000 population, but the incidence of S. Virchow increased (from 7.2 to 9.1 infections/10 0000). Since 2000, S. Virchow has become the second-ranking NTS isolate, accounting for 17% and 27% of all stool and blood NTS isolates, respectively. Infants aged <1year had the highest incidence of isolation from stools (92.8/100 000). The incidence of isolation from blood was highest for infants aged <1 year (4.4/100 000). Only 6% of isolates were susceptible to all ten antibiotic agents tested; 34% were resistant to one agent, 54% to one to three agents, and 40% to four to six agents. A high proportion of the tested isolates were resistant to nalidixic acid (89%), streptomycin (56%), tetracycline (43%), trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (38%) and chloramphenicol (28%), but none to ciprofloxacin or ceftriaxone. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed two closely related clusters, each containing a predominant pulsotype. Coupled with its invasive propensity, the increasing incidence of highly resistant S. Virchow in Israel is of real concern. Future research should focus on the sources of S. Virchow in the food chain in order to institute effective control measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1005
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Microbiology and Infection
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2006

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation

    Keywords

    • Antimicrobial susceptibility
    • Bacteraemia
    • Epidemiology
    • Israel
    • Resistance
    • Salmonella enterica serotype Virchow

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