Safety Profile and Short-term Outcomes of BST-CarGel as an Adjunct to Microfracture for the Treatment of Chondral Lesions of the Hip

Chanseok Rhee, Eyal Amar, Mark Glazebrook, Catherine Coday, Ivan H. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Acetabular cartilage lesions are a common abnormality found in patients undergoing hip arthroscopic surgery and may cause pain and functional limitations. Several strategies have been developed to treat chondral defects, with no overwhelming success. Recently, BST-CarGel has gained interest as a scaffolding material that can be injected into the microfracture site to stabilize the clot and facilitate cartilage repair. Purpose: To perform a retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data to evaluate the safety profile and short-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients treated arthroscopically with BST-CarGel for acetabular chondral defects in conjunction with microfracture. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on all patients who underwent hip arthroscopic surgery by the senior surgeon to identify those who had BST-CarGel applied to their hip from November 2014 to July 2016, and basic demographic information for those patients was obtained. Operative reports and patient charts were reviewed to assess intraoperative and postoperative complications as well as to obtain the details of surgery, including lesion size and treatment method of the labrum (repair vs reconstruction). All patients filled out self-reported questionnaires, including the international Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT), Hip Outcome Score–Activities of Daily Living (HOS-ADL), and Hip Outcome Score–Sports Profile (HOS-SP) at the time of consultation and at 1 year postoperatively, and results were used to assess the clinical outcomes of surgery. Results: Thirty-seven patients (37 hips) with a mean age of 36.19 years at the time of the index procedure were evaluated. There were 30 male patients, and 20 procedures were performed on the right hip. The minimum follow-up was 1 year, with a mean follow-up of 12.72 months. There were no major adverse events of deep vein thrombosis, blood vessel or nerve damage, hemarthrosis, arthralgia, or device-related adverse events. Two patients (5.4%) were readmitted because of pain, probably resulting from an inflammatory reaction to BST-CarGel. At 1 year postoperatively, there were statistically significant improvements in the iHOT (40.4 to 59.1; P <.001), HOS-ADL (60.6 to 71.4; P =.02), and HOS-SP (36.9 to 51.6; P =.01) scores. When the patients were subdivided based on the chondral defect size, the iHOT score improved for all chondral defect sizes, and the HOS-SP score improved in patients with medium (2-4 cm2) and very large (>6 cm2) chondral defects. In addition, the iHOT score improved whether the patients had their labrum repaired or reconstructed (P <.001 and P =.02, respectively). Conclusion: The arthroscopic treatment of chondral acetabular defects with BST-CarGel demonstrates a satisfactory safety profile, with statistically significant improvement in patient-reported clinical outcome scores, even for those with very large chondral defect sizes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • acetabulum
  • arthroscopic surgery
  • cartilage
  • chondral defect
  • clinical outcome
  • hip

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