Safety of pediatric sedation and analgesia during burn dressing changes by pediatric residents

Evyatar Hubara*, Baruch Berzon, Marianne E Nellis, Reut Ram, Reut Kassif Lerner, Yael Alfandary Many, Oren Feldman, Itai Pessach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acute pain and anxiety management during pediatric burn dressing change is very challenging. There are limited data regarding feasibility and safety of sedation administration by nonanesthesiologists. We sought to describe the implementation of a sedation protocol for pediatric residents during burn dressing changes in the pediatric ward. Methods: An analgesia and sedation protocol was designed and implemented in the pediatric wards in 2015. Retrospective data were collected on all children who were sedated by pediatric residents for burns in the pediatric wards over a 4-year period in our hospital. Demographics, burn characteristics, and data regarding adverse events were collected from patients' electronic medical records. The main outcomes were successful procedure completion and safety. Results: During the study period, 1130 sedations were performed in 272 patients by pediatric residents. The median age was 2.5 years (IQR 1.3–9.1). Sixty-two percent (695/1130) of the patients were male. The majority of the burns (84%, 955/1130) were <20%, and the majority of the patients (91%, 1030/1130) had an ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) score of 1. The incidence rate of adverse events was 4.3% (49/1130) and 1.3% (15/1130) for serious adverse events. There were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, ASA, or burn degree between patients with or without adverse events. Conclusions: We designed and implemented an analgesia and sedation protocol for pediatric residents to be applied in patients during burn dressing change. The implemented protocol in the pediatric wards was found to be feasible and with a low incidence of adverse events.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-551
Number of pages6
JournalPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volume33
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • analgesia
  • burns
  • pain
  • sedation

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