Purpose: To study the potential toxic effects of intravitreal clindamycin on the retina of albino rabbits, by assessing functional and morphological retinal changes. Methods: Eight albino rabbits were included in the study. In each rabbit, 1 mg/0.1 ml clindamycin was injected into the vitreous of the right (experimental) eye, and 0.1 ml saline was injected into the vitreous of the left (control) eye. The electroretinogram (ERG) was recorded before injection, 3 days, 1, 2, and 4 weeks post-injection. The visual evoked potential (VEP) was recorded 4 weeks post-injection. Clinical examination was conducted at all time points. The eyes were enucleated at the termination of the follow-up period in order to prepare the retinas for histology in order to assess retinal structure. Results: ERG and VEP responses that were recorded from the experimental eye at different times following intravitreal clindamycin injection were very similar to the corresponding responses that were recorded from the control eyes. Clinical examination was normal in all eyes, and no histological damage was observed. Conclusions: Intravitreal injection of 1 mg clindamycin does not cause functional or morphological signs of retinal toxicity in albino rabbits, during a period of 4 weeks post-injection. These findings support the clinical use of 1 mg intravitreal clindamycin.
- Intravitreal injection
- Retinal toxicity