Safety of concomitant cholecystectomy during one anastomosis gastric bypass compared with sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Danit Dayan, Nadav Dvir, Eran Nizri, Subhi Abu-Abeid, Guy Lahat, Adam Abu-Abeid*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Candidates of metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) are prone for gallstone formation. Concomitant cholecystectomy (CC) during MBS is controversial. This study is first to examine the safety of CC during one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB), compared with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). Single-center retrospective comparative study of CC (2012–2021) during OAGB, to SG and RYGB. CC was performed in 115 patients during OAGB (n = 50), SG (n = 39), and RYGB (n = 26). All procedures were completed laparoscopically. Baseline characteristics were similar except age, body mass index, gastroesophageal reflux disease, obstructive sleep apnea, and previous MBS (p < 0.05). Intraoperative complications occurred in one OAGB patient (2% vs. 0%, 0%; p = 0.52), which was not cholecystectomy related. There were no differences in total (6% vs. 2.6%, 15.4%; p = 0.13) and major (2% vs. 0%, 3.8; p = 0.50) early-complication rates. Of them, cholecystectomy-related complications occurred in one OAGB, compared with none of SG and one RYGB (2% vs. 0%, 3.8%; p = 0.50). The former was major, and the latter was minor complication. None of the OAGB patients needed re-admission (0% vs. 0%, 11.5; p = 0.04). All CC outcome parameters were similar between asymptomatic and symptomatic gallstones. Previous bariatric procedures were found to be a significant risk for major complications and readmissions (OR = 16.87, p = 0.019). CC during OAGB for gallstones seems safe, as in SG and RYGB. No cholecystectomy-related intraoperative complications occurred, and postoperative complication rates were low and acceptable. Outcomes for asymptomatic gallstones were similar to symptomatic ones, and we cautiously support CC in the presence of gallstones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-678
Number of pages8
JournalUpdates in Surgery
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Keywords

  • Concomitant cholecystectomy
  • Metabolic and bariatric surgery
  • One anastomosis gastric bypass
  • Roux en-Y gastric bypass
  • Safety
  • Sleeve gastrectomy

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