Safety and efficacy of ruxolitinib in an open-label, multicenter, single-arm phase 3b expanded-access study in patients with myelofibrosis: A snapshot of 1144 patients in the JUMP trial

Haifa Kathrin Al-Ali*, Martin Griesshammer, Philipp le Coutre, Cornelius F. Waller, Anna Marina Liberati, Philippe Schafhausen, Renato Tavares, Pilar Giraldo, Lynda Foltz, Pia Raanani, Vikas Gupta, Bayane Tannir, Julian Perez Ronco, Jagannath Ghosh, Bruno Martino, Alessandro M. Vannucchi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

JUMP is a phase 3b expanded-access trial for patients without access to ruxolitinib outside of a clinical study; it is the largest clinical trial to date in patients with myelofibrosis who have been treated with ruxolitinib. Here, we present safety and efficacy findings from an analysis of 1144 patients with intermediate- or high-risk myelofibrosis, as well as a separate analysis of 163 patients with intermediate-1-risk myelofibrosis-a population of patients not included in the phase 3 COMFORT studies. Consistent with ruxolitinib’s mechanism of action, the most common hematologic adverse events were anemia and thrombocytopenia, but these led to treatment discontinuation in only a few cases. The most common non-hematologic adverse events were primarily grade 1/2 and included diarrhea, pyrexia, fatigue, and asthenia. The rates of infections were low and primarily grade 1/2, and no new or unexpected infections were observed. The majority of patients achieved a =50% reduction from baseline in palpable spleen length. Improvements in symptoms were rapid, with approximately half of all patients experiencing clinically significant improvements, as assessed by various quality-of-life questionnaires. The safety and efficacy profile in intermediate-1-risk patients was consistent with that in the overall JUMP population and with that previously reported in intermediate-2- and highrisk patients. Overall, ruxolitinib provided clinically meaningful reductions in spleen length and symptoms in patients with myelofibrosis, including those with intermediate-1-risk disease, with a safety and efficacy profile consistent with that observed in the phase 3 COMFORT studies. This trial was registered as NCT01493414 at ClinicalTrials.gov.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1073
Number of pages9
JournalHaematologica
Volume101
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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