Safety and efficacy of FLAG-Ida-based therapy combined with venetoclax for the treatment for newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory patients with AML – A systematic review

A. Sherban*, D. Fredman, S. Shimony, M. Yeshurun, P. Raanani, M. Stahi, A. Gafter-Gvili, O. Wolach

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Venetoclax (VEN) in combination with intensive chemotherapy (IC) is increasingly used to treat patients with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We conducted a systematic review to assess the safety and efficacy outcomes of FLAG-IDA in combination with VEN. The primary safety outcome was infection rate; the primary efficacy outcome was response to treatment (composite complete remission (CRc) and overall response rate (ORR). Risk of bias was assessed according to the ROBINS-I tool. Six studies including 221 patients with newly-diagnosed (ND AML (n = 120)) and R/R AML (n = 101) disease, were included in this systematic review. Pooling of results was not conducted due to major differences between studies. The reported rates of neutropenic fever, bacteremia, pneumonia and invasive fungal infections were at 44–55 %, 24–48 %, 12–30 % and 11–36 % of assessed patients, respectively. Time to ANC and platelet recovery ranged between 23 and 29 and 23–31 days, respectively. Early death rate was 8.7 % (14/160) patients: four patients at 30 days, additional ten in 60 days. CRc rates ranged between 53 % and 78 % for R/R AML. CRc for ND was reported by one study only (89 %). ORR were reported in 60–78 % of patients with R/R AML. Only one study reported an ORR for ND patients of 98 %. In our systematic review, FLAG-Ida plus VEN proved to be a potentially tolerable and effective regimen in ND and R/R AML patients. We suggest further evaluation and confirmation for the safety and efficacy of this new protocol in future RCTs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107368
JournalLeukemia Research
Volume133
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • AML
  • Flag-Ida
  • Venetoclax

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