S-(N-Dansylaminoethyl)-6-mercaptoguanosine as a fluorescent probe for the uridine transport system in human erythrocytes

E. Shohami, R. Koren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A fluorescent derivative of 6-mercaptoguanosine, S-(N-dansylaminoethyl)-6-mercaptoguanosine, was synthesized, and found to be a strong inhibitor of the uridine transport system of the erythrocyte (K(i)~0.3μM). The emission spectrum of this compound has peaks at 400 and 550nm. The emission at 550, but not that at 400nm, is environment-sensitive. A method was devised for preparing a suspension of erythrocyte-membrane fragments with sufficiently low light scattering so that a detailed study could be made of the fluorescence of the probe when bound to membranes. Direct binding measurements showed the existence of a tight binding site, with a dissociation constant of the same order of magnitude as the inhibition constant. Binding of probe and substrate are not mutually exclusive, but the fluorescence and affinity if the bound probe are sensitive to the presence of uridine. The emission spectrum suggests that the bound probe penetrates into the bilayer region of the membrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume178
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

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