Background: Patients with severe atheromatous aortic disease (AAD) undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have increased operative risks. The "off-pump" CABG (OPCAB) technique was evaluated in patients given the diagnosis of severe AAD by routine transesophageal echocardiography. Methods: A total of 5737 patients underwent CABG, with 913 having transesophageal echocardiography findings of severe AAD. Of the patients with severe AAD, 678 (74.3%) had conventional CABG and 235 (25.7%) had OPCAB. Results: Hospital mortality was 8.7% for conventional CABG and 5.1% for OPCAB (P = .08). Multivariate analysis revealed that increased mortality was significantly associated with acute myocardial infarction, conventional CABG, age, renal disease, history of stroke, and ejection fraction < 30%. Neurologic complications occurred in 6.3% of patients undergoing CABG and in 2.1% undergoing OPCAB (P = .01). Freedom from any complication was significantly greater with OPCAB. Conclusion: Routine intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography identifies patients with severe AAD. In these patients, OPCAB technique is associated with a lower risk of death, stroke, and all complications.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Jul 2003|