Routine chest X-ray following ultrasound-guided internal jugular vein catheterization in critically ill children: A prospective observational Study

Avichai Weissbach, Yulia Gendler, Yaniv Lakovsky, Gili Kadmon, Elhanan Nahum, Eytan Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Recent studies in adults have shown that routine chest X-ray following ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the internal jugular vein is unnecessary due to a low rate of complications. Aims: To assess the usefulness of routine chest X-ray following ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the internal jugular veins in critically ill children. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. All children under the age of 18 who underwent ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the right or left internal jugular vein between May 2018 and November 2019 were evaluated for eligibility. Procedures were prospectively documented, and chest X-ray was screened for pneumothorax, hemothorax, central venous catheter tip position, and resultant corrective interventions. Results: Of 105 central venous catheter insertion attempts, 99 central venous catheters (94.3%) were inserted. All were located within the venous system. None were diagnosed with pneumo/hemothorax on chest X-ray. Twenty (20.2%; 95% CI 12.8%-29.5%) were defined as malpositioned by strict criteria; however, only one (1%) was judged significantly misplaced by the clinical team leading to its repositioning. Conclusions: In this critically ill pediatric cohort, all central venous catheters inserted under ultrasound guidance could have been used with safety prior to acquiring chest X-ray. Overall chest X-ray impacted patient management in only 1% of cases. Our results do not support delaying urgent central venous catheter use pending chest X-ray completion in critically ill children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1378-1383
Number of pages6
JournalPaediatric Anaesthesia
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • catheterization
  • central Venous
  • intensive care units
  • pediatric
  • radiography
  • ultrasonography

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