Background: Recent studies in adults have shown that routine chest X-ray following ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the internal jugular vein is unnecessary due to a low rate of complications. Aims: To assess the usefulness of routine chest X-ray following ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the internal jugular veins in critically ill children. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted at a pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. All children under the age of 18 who underwent ultrasound-guided central venous catheter insertion through the right or left internal jugular vein between May 2018 and November 2019 were evaluated for eligibility. Procedures were prospectively documented, and chest X-ray was screened for pneumothorax, hemothorax, central venous catheter tip position, and resultant corrective interventions. Results: Of 105 central venous catheter insertion attempts, 99 central venous catheters (94.3%) were inserted. All were located within the venous system. None were diagnosed with pneumo/hemothorax on chest X-ray. Twenty (20.2%; 95% CI 12.8%-29.5%) were defined as malpositioned by strict criteria; however, only one (1%) was judged significantly misplaced by the clinical team leading to its repositioning. Conclusions: In this critically ill pediatric cohort, all central venous catheters inserted under ultrasound guidance could have been used with safety prior to acquiring chest X-ray. Overall chest X-ray impacted patient management in only 1% of cases. Our results do not support delaying urgent central venous catheter use pending chest X-ray completion in critically ill children.
- central Venous
- intensive care units