Rotated split palatal flap for soft tissue primary coverage over extraction sites with placement. Description of the surgical procedure and clinical results

Carlos E. Nemcovsky*, Zvi Artzi, Ofer Moses

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Immediate implant placement after tooth extraction is becoming a common procedure in implant-supported oral rehabilitation. However, lack of primary full flap closure can jeopardize final results. A surgical approach that would enable predictable primary soft tissue closure over implants placed into fresh extraction sockets is described and evaluated. This technique is based on a rotated deep split thickness palatal flap (RSPF) containing periosteum and connective tissue, covering the implant and/or a barrier membrane. In 29 patients, 33 consecutive implants were placed immediately post extraction of 1 or 2 anterior or premolar maxillary teeth. Patients were divided in 2 groups: Group A (15 patients; n = 18 sites) where no barrier membrane was used and Group B (14 patients, n = 15 sites) where an occlusive resorbable collagen membrane was used. Distance between the alveolar crestal bone and the coronal aspect of the implant was measured at time of implant placement (Group A: mean 1.9 mm, SD 1.16; Group B: mean 4.6 mm, SD 1.18) and at second stage surgery (Group A: mean 0.3 mm, SD 0.46; Group B: mean 0.7 mm, SD 0.7). The difference between both records (crestal bone formation) was calculated (Group A: 1.7 mm, SD 1.03; Group B: 3.9 mm, SD 1.12) and found to be statistically significant (P <0.0001). Crestal bone formation, relative to the initial bone crest-implant distance at time of implant placement was approximately 85% in both groups. In 4 sites (2 in each group), where the cover screws were exposed before second stage surgery, complete crestal bone regeneration did not occur. Use of a barrier membrane may be obviated in appropriate cases while placing implants into fresh extraction sites. This procedure offers a predictable treatment approach in achieving complete soft tissue coverage, while allowing for healing of bony defects in immediate implantation procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)926-934
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume70
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1999

Keywords

  • Dental implants, immediate
  • Soft tissue
  • Surgical flaps
  • Tooth extraction/therapy
  • Wound healing

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