Roseoloviruses manipulate host cell cycle

Niza Frenkel*, Eyal Sharon, Haim Zeigerman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

During lytic infections HHV-6A and HHV-6B disrupt E2F1-Rb complexes by Rb degradation, releasing E2F1 and driving the infected cells toward the S-phase. Whereas upon infection E2F1 and its cofactor DP1 were up-regulated, additional E2F responsive genes were expressed differentially in various cells. E2F binding sites were identified in promoters of several HHV-6 genes, including the U27 and U79 associated with viral DNA replication, revealing high dependence on the binding site and the effect of the E2F1 transcription factor. Viral genes regulation by E2F1 can synchronize viral replication with the optimal cell cycle phase, enabling utilization of host resources for successful viral replication. Furthermore, it was found that infection by roseoloviruses leads to cell cycle arrest, mostly in the G2/M-phase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-166
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Virology
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2014

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