Role of tissue diagnosis in pulmonary involvement in pediatric human immunodeficiency virus infection

Shai Izraeli, Brigitta U. Mueller, Alexander Ling, Barbara K. Temeck, Linda L. Lewis, Richard Chang, Aziza T. Shad, Harvey I. Pass, Philip A. Pizzo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Pulmonary complications occur commonly during HIV infection. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of lung tissue examination in the diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary disorders in children with HIV infection. Methods. The medical records of 347 children enrolled between January, 1990, and April, 1994, into various antiretroviral therapy protocols were reviewed to identify patients who underwent a lung biopsy. Results. Fourteen patients underwent diagnostic lung biopsies on 16 separate occasions. The most common radiologic findings were nodular infiltrates which were localized in 7 patients and diffuse in 6. Eight patients presented with fever and progressive respiratory distress unresponsive to empiric therapy, whereas the rest had progressive nodular infiltrates. The pathologic diagnoses included opportunistic infection in 7 patients, lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis in 5, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 3 and interstitial fibrosis in 1. The biopsy led to a major change in the treatment of 7 patients which resulted in a significant improvement of the pulmonary process in all of them. In an additional patient the excisional biopsy proved curative. Conclusions. When patients are selected appropriately, lung biopsy might have a significant impact on therapy and outcome in HIV-infected children with pulmonary infiltrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-116
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  • child/infant
  • lung biopsy
  • lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis
  • pulmonary infections
  • pulmonary lymphoma

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