Role of rigid boundary on the decay of turbulence generated by passive-grid for free surface flow

Pankaj Kumar Raushan, Santosh Kumar Singh, Koustuv Debnath*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study aims to investigate the flow characteristics of grid-generated turbulence under the consideration of solid boundary in free surface flow. To understand the nature of isotropy and anisotropy in the flow, the turbulent intensity is evaluated at the downstream of the grid for different mesh sizes. The energy spectrums based on the Fast Fourier and marginal Hilbert–Huang transform are presented to understand the decay of energy in the associated spectral frequency domain. It is observed that the peak of energy associated with the Fourier spectrum decreases in the near-field region of the grid with the increase in mesh size of the grid. Further, to characterise the concentrated velocity fluctuations, the paper strives to analyse the joint probability distribution function and the local intermittency measure in the close and far stream of the grid. The autocorrelation functions and the magnitude of integral length scale of the stream-wise fluctuating velocity components are also presented at two different vertical levels from the solid boundary. The normalised Shannon entropy is also evaluated to characterise the degree of the orderness or disorderness in the flow due to the interaction of grid and rigid boundary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1148-1164
Number of pages17
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Grid
  • Shannon entropy
  • autocorrelation functions
  • isotropy flow
  • joint probability distribution function
  • local intermittency measure


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