Role of parenting style in achieving metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Maayan Shorer, Ravit David, Michal Schoenberg-Taz, Ifat Levavi-Lavi, Moshe Phillip, Joseph Meyerovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE - To examine the role of parenting style in achieving metabolic control and treatment adherence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Parents of 100 adolescents with type 1 diabetes completed assessments of their parenting style and sense of helplessness. Parents and patients rated patient adherence to the treatment regimen. Glycemic control was evaluated by HbA 1cvalues. RESULTS - An authoritative paternal parenting style predicted better glycemic control and adherence in the child; a permissivematernal parenting style predicted poor adherence. A higher sense of helplessness in both parents predicted worse glycemic control and lesser adherence to treatment. Parental sense of helplessness was a significant predictor of diabetes control after correcting for other confounders (patient age, sex, and treatment method). CONCLUSIONS - An authoritative nonhelpless parenting style is associated with better diabetes control in adolescents. Paternal involvement is important in adolescent diabetes management. These results have implications for psychological interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1735-1737
Number of pages3
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume34
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

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