It is generally accepted that the main action of glomerular prostanoids (GPs) on glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is to modulate the activity of different vasoconstrictors, specially in states of renal hypoperfusion. However it was also suggested that GPs may directly affect GFR. The present study was focused on this last hypothesis, in different experimental models, in rats. In adriamycin induced acute renal failure, the transient decrease of GFR is associated with higher levels of thromboxane B2. Later on, when GFR returns to normal, vasodilator prostaglandins synthesis was also increased. In captopril induced renal failure in Na depleted rats (where GPs synthesis remained normal), stimulation of PGE2 and PGI2 production by K and NaCl was associated with a significant improvement of GFR. Furthermore, the increase in GFR induce by NaCl was prevented by inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. Infusion of atrial natriuretic peptide in euvolemic rats induce a marked elevation both of GFR and PGE2 synthesis. It was abolished by previous administration of prostaglandin synthesis inhibitor. In conclusion, glomerular prostanoids may influence GFR, either directly, or as mediator or modulator of other vasoactive hormones.
- Glomerular filtration rate
- Glomerular prostanoid