Role of circulating soluble CD40 as an apoptotic marker in liver disease

H. Schmilovitz-Weiss, A. Belinki, O. Pappo, J. Sulkes, E. Melzer, E. Kaganovski, B. Kfir, R. Tur-Kaspa, T. Klein, Z. Ben-Ari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To measure levels of soluble CD40, a laboratory marker of apoptosis in patients with liver disease, determine its origin, and correlate the findings with disease activity and histology. Design: Laboratory research study with comparison group. Setting: Liver Institute, Laboratory of HLA Typing and Histopathology Department, Rabin Medical Center, Israel. Subjects: One hundred ten patients with liver disease and 20 healthy controls. Methods: Serum samples were collected from all patients; in addition, paired hepatic and portal vein samples were collected from 23 patients, and bile samples from 5 patients. Soluble CD40 was measured with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apoptotic cells in liver tissue were identified by morphological criteria and quantified with the TUNEL assay. Results: Soluble CD40 concentration was significantly higher in patients with liver disease than controls (mean 112.9 ± 197.2 pg/ml vs. 24.2 ± 9.1 pg/ml, p = 0.0001), with highest levels in the chronic viral hepatitis group (mean 131.7 ± 137.5 pg/ml, p = 0.0001). Levels of SCD40 were correlated with serum creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, alpha-feto protein, and the apoptotic index. In the 23 paired samples, CD40 level was higher in the hepatic vein (mean 74.9 ± 114.5 pg/ml) than the portal vein (mean 51.6 ± 67.9 pg/ml); it was highly detectable in bile (mean 115.6 ± 119.6 pg/ml, p = 0.0123). Untreated patients with chronic viral hepatitis (B and C) had higher levels (mean 106.2 ± 76.5 pg/ml) than treated patients (mean 59.3 ± 68.6 pg/ml, p = 0.049). Conclusions: Levels of soluble CD40 increase in different types of liver disease. It probably derives from the liver and is secreted into the bile. Levels correlate with the apoptotic index and are affected by antiviral treatment. Soluble CD40 may serve as a serum marker of apoptosis in liver disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalApoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • CD40
  • Liver disease
  • Soluble

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