Robust eco-design: A new application for air quality engineering

Irad Ben-Gal*, Roni Katz, Yossi Bukchin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The method of robust design has long been used for the design of systems that are insensitive to noises. In this paper it is demonstrated how this approach can be used to obtain a robust eco-design (ecological design). In a case study, robust design principles are applied to the design of a factory smokestack, using the Gaussian Plume Model (GPM). The GPM is a well-known model for describing pollutant dispersal from a point source, subject to various atmospheric conditions. In this research, the mean-square-error (MSE) of the accumulated and the maximum pollution values around a given target are defined as the performance measures and used to adjust the design parameters. Both analytical and numerical approaches are used to evaluate the MSE measures over the design space. It is demonstrated how to use the non-linearity in the GPM to reach a low MSE value that produces a cheaper design configuration. The differences between the manufacturer viewpoint and the environmentalist viewpoint with respect to the considered eco-design problem are discussed and analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-918
Number of pages12
JournalIIE Transactions (Institute of Industrial Engineers)
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2008


  • Air pollution
  • Clean production
  • Ecological design
  • Green manufacturing


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