Ro 5-4864 and PK11195, but not diazepam, depress cardiac function in an isolated working rat heart model

Yeouda Edoute, Jacob Giris, Shlomo A. Ben-Haim, Amanda Lochner, Abraham Weizman, Gal Hayam, Yeshavahu Katz, Moshe Gavish*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of diazepam, a benzodiazepine (BZ) with high affinity to central BZ receptors and moderate affinity to mitochondiral BZ receptors, and of Ro 5-4864 and PK 11195, ligands specific for mitochondrial BZ receptors, on cardiac function in the isolated working rat heart model. Five concentrations of these drugs (10-9 — 10-5 mol/l) were used, and the chronotropic (heart rate) and inotropic [maximum elastance of the left ventricle at end systole (Emax), maximal first derivative of left ventricular (LV) pressure (dP/dtmax), LV pressure at dP/dtmax (pressure at dP/dtmax), aortic flow, stroke work, and total pressure-volume area] cardiac parameters were measured. Diazepam, Ro 5-4864, and PK 11195 showed no significant chronotropic activity up to 10-5 mol/l. Diazepam did not alter the inotropic properties of the heart. Ro 5-4864 at 10-5 mol/l significantly decreased the indices of contractility, namely, Emax, dP/dtmax, and pressure at dP/dtmax. Aortic flow, stroke work, and total pressure-volume area were significantly depressed at the same concentration. The negative inotropismof PK 11195 appeared to be identical, by most indices, to that of Ro 5- 4864, both qualitatively (same pattern) and quantitatively (similar maximal variations); however, for some indices a depressant effect was also found at 10-7 mol/l. These results show that at high concentrations Ro 5-4864 and PK 11195, but not diazepam, have a depressant effect on mechanical function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages7
JournalPharmacology
Volume46
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Keywords

  • Benzodiazepine receptors (mitochondrial type)
  • Diazepam
  • Heart
  • PK 11195
  • Ro 5-4864

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ro 5-4864 and PK11195, but not diazepam, depress cardiac function in an isolated working rat heart model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this