Risk of dementia after a first-ever ischemic stroke: A 3-year longitudinal study

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Abstract

Objective: To determine the risk of dementia after first-ever ischemic stroke. Background: A temporal relationship between the occurrence of stroke and development of dementia is an important clue for a vascular etiology of dementia. It is however still unclear at what rate dementia develops following stroke. Methods: In a prospective study, we followed 158 consecutive patients who were hospitalized for first-ever ischemic stroke in 1988–1989, but were not demented at discharge (DSM-III-R criteria). Survival analysis was performed for a follow-up period of up to 3 years to determine the rate of dementia. Results: The cumulative risk of dementia in these patients was 29% within 1 year, and 34% within 3 years. Conclusion: Dementia after first-ever ischemic stroke is common, appearing mostly within the 1st year.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-52
Number of pages5
JournalCerebrovascular Diseases
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular event
  • Dementia
  • Epidemiology
  • Prognosis
  • Stroke
  • Vascular dementia

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