Risk Factors for the Development of Cataract in Children with Uveitis

Tamar Blum-Hareuveni, Sophie Seguin-Greenstein, Michal Kramer, Guy Hareuveni, Yael Sharon, Ronit Friling, Lazha Sharief, Sue Lightman, Oren Tomkins-Netzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose To determine the risk factors for the development of cataract in children with uveitis of any etiology. Design Cohort study. Methods Two hundred forty-seven eyes of 140 children with uveitis were evaluated for the development of vision-affecting cataract. Demographic, clinical, and treatment data were collected between the time of presentation and the first instance cataract was recorded or findings at final follow-up. Main outcome measures included the prevalence of cataract and distribution by type of uveitis, incidence of new onset cataract time to cataract development, and risk factors for the development of cataract. Results The prevalence of cataract in our cohort was 44.2% and was highest among eyes with panuveitis (77.1%), chronic anterior uveitis (48.3%), and intermediate uveitis (48.0%). The overall incidence of newly diagnosed cataract was 0.09 per eye-year, with an estimated 69% to develop uveitis-related cataract with time. The main factors related with cataract development were the number of uveitis flares per year (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.06 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 2.15–4.35], P <.001), cystoid macular edema (HR = 2.87 [95% CI, 1.41–5.82], P =.004), posterior synechia at presentation (HR = 2.85 [95% CI, 1.53–5.30], P = .001), and use of local injections of corticosteroids (HR = 2.37 [95% CI, 1.18–4.75], P =.02). Treatments with systemic and topical corticosteroids were not significant risk factors. Conclusions In this study, we found that development of cataract is common among pediatric eyes with uveitis and is most strongly related to the extent of inflammation recurrences and ocular complications. We suggest that controlling the inflammation, even using higher doses of systemic and topical corticosteroids, is of importance in preventing ocular complications, such as cataract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-143
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume177
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2017

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