Risk factors for mortality due to Acinetobacter baumannii bacteremia in patients with hematological malignancies–a retrospective study

Liat Shargian-Alon*, Anat Gafter-Gvili, Haim Ben-Zvi, Ofir Wolach, Moshe Yeshurun, Pia Raanani, Dafna Yahav

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Carbapenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is a significant cause of hospital acquired bloodstream infections in patients with hematological malignancies. Data regarding outcomes in this group of patients are limited. We retrospectively analyzed mortality risk factors of hospitalized hematological patients with CRAB bacteremia in our center. Among 46 included patients, overall 7-day mortality was 72% (33/46). Risk factors for 7-day mortality in multivariate analysis were higher infection severity score (SOFA score) at presentation (OR 1.481, 95% CI 1.091–2.012, p =.012) while appropriate antibiotic therapy within 48 h was protective (OR 0.052, 95% CI 0.005–0.590, p =.017). Inappropriate antibiotic therapy within 24 h was not significantly associated with 7-day mortality nor was absolute neutrophil count. Thirty-day mortality was 96% (44/46). CRAB bacteremia in hematological patients is associated with extremely high mortality, regardless of therapy. Infection control measures and antimicrobial stewardship aiming to prevent this infection of dismal prognosis are of major importance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2787-2792
Number of pages6
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume60
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii
  • bloodstream infection
  • mortality

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