Risk factors for chronic pouchitis after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis: A prospective cohort study

E. Hashavia, I. Dotan, M. Rabau, J. M. Klausner, Z. Halpern, H. Tulchinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim The association between various demographic, clinical and pathological parameters and the evolution of chronic pouchitis was evaluated. Method All ulcerative colitis patients who underwent ileal pouch anal anastomosis (1981-2009) were followed prospectively in a comprehensive pouch clinic. We examined risk factors including the presence of appendiceal inflammation and backwash ileitis in the colonic specimen, gender, ethnicity, age at disease onset, disease duration, extent of colitis, presence of extraintestinal manifestations (e.g. primary sclerosing cholangitis), family history of inflammatory bowel disease, indication for surgery, medical treatment, age at operation, staged procedure, diverting ileostomy and length of follow-up. Univariate analysis was performed on all risk factors followed by logistic regression analysis. Results The 201 enrolled patients (106 women, age at surgery 35±15years) were followed for a mean of 108months. One hundred and thirty-eight (69%) had either a normal pouch or episodes of acute pouchitis and 63 (31%) developed chronic pouchitis. On univariate analysis the presence of an ileostomy (P=0.017), pancolitis (P=0.008), shorter disease duration (P=0.04) and longer follow-up (P=0.01) were identified as risk factors for chronic pouchitis. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with pancolitis (OR 3.26, 95% CI 1.20-8.85) and longer follow-up (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01-1.18) were more likely to develop chronic pouchitis. There was also an association to disease duration but this did not reach a level of significance. Conclusions Pancolitis and longer follow-up are directly related to the development of chronic pouchitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1371
Number of pages7
JournalColorectal Disease
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Ileoanal pouch
  • Pouchitis
  • Restorative proctocolectomy
  • Ulcerative colitis

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