Risk factors and prognostic implications of surgery-related strokes following resection of high-grade glioma

Assaf Berger*, Garry Gali Tzarfati, Marga Serafimova, Pablo Valdes, Aaron Meller, Akiva Korn, Naomi Kahana Levy, Daniel Aviram, Zvi Ram, Rachel Grossman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Surgery-related strokes are an important cause of morbidity following resection of high-grade glioma (HGG). We explored the incidence, risk factors and clinical consequences of intra-operative ischemic strokes in surgeries for resection of HGG. We retrospectively followed a cohort of 239 patients who underwent surgical resection of HGG between 2013 and 2017. Tumor types included both isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) wildtype glioblastoma and IDH-mutant WHO grade 4 astrocytoma. We analyzed pre- and post-operative demographic, clinical, radiological, anesthesiology and intraoperative neurophysiology data, including overall survival and functional outcomes. Acute ischemic strokes were seen on postoperative diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in 30 patients (12.5%), 13 of whom (43%) developed new neurological deficits. Infarcts were more common in insular (23%, p = 0.019) and temporal surgeries (57%, p = 0.01). Immediately after surgery, 35% of patients without infarcts and 57% of those with infarcts experienced motor deficits (p = 0.022). Six months later, rates of motor deficits decreased to 25% in the non-infarcts group and 37% in the infarcts group (p = 0.023 and 0.105, respectively) with a significantly lower Karnofsky-Performance Score (KPS, p = 0.001). Intra-operative language decline in awake procedures was a significant indicator of the occurrence of intra-operative stroke (p = 0.029). In conclusion, intraoperative ischemic events are more common in insular and temporal surgeries for resection of HGG and their intra-operative detection is limited. These strokes can impair motor and speech functions as well as patients’ performance status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22594
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

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