Risk factors and outcomes for patients with bloodstream infection due to Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex

Teena Chopra*, Dror Marchaim, Paul C. Johnson, Reda A. Awali, Hardik Doshi, Indu Chalana, Naomi Davis, Jing J. Zhao, Jason M. Pogue, Sapna Parmar, Keith S. Kaye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Identifying patients at risk for bloodstream infection (BSI) due to Acinetobacter baumannii-Acinetobacter calcoaceticus complex (ABC) and providing early appropriate therapy are critical for improving patient outcomes. A retrospective matched casecontrol study was conducted to investigate the risk factors for BSI due to ABC in patients admitted to the Detroit Medical Center (DMC) between January 2006 and April 2009. The cases were patients with BSI due to ABC; the controls were patients not infected with ABC. Potential risk factors were collected 30 days prior to the ABC-positive culture date for the cases and 30 days prior to admission for the controls. A total of 245 case patients were matched with 245 control patients. Independent risk factors associated with BSI due to ABC included a Charlson's comorbidity score of≤3 (odds ratio [OR], 2.34; P<0.001), a direct admission from another health care facility (OR, 4.63; P<0.0001), a prior hospitalization (OR, 3.11; P<0.0001), the presence of an indwelling central venous line (OR, 2.75; P<0.011), the receipt of total parenteral nutrition (OR, 21.2; P<0.0001), the prior receipt of β-lactams (OR, 3.58; P<0.0001), the prior receipt of carbapenems (OR, 3.18; P<0.006), and the prior receipt of chemotherapy (OR, 15.42; P<0.0001). The median time from the ABC-positive culture date to the initiation of the appropriate antimicrobial therapy was 2 days (interquartile range [IQR], 1 to 3 days). The in-hospital mortality rate was significantly higher among case patients than among control patients (OR, 3.40; P<0.0001). BSIs due to ABC are more common among critically ill and debilitated institutionalized patients, who are heavily exposed to health care settings and invasive devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4630-4635
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume58
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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