Right ventricular septal pacing: A comparative study of outflow tract and mid ventricular sites

Raphael Rosso*, Caroline Medi, Andrew W. Teh, Thuy To Hung, Alexander Feldman, Geoffrey Lee, Harry G. Mond

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prolonged right ventricle (RV) apical pacing is associated with left ventricle (LV) dysfunction due to dysynchronous ventricular activation and contraction. Alternative RV pacing sites with a narrower QRS compared to RV pacing might reflect a more physiological and synchronous LV activation. The purpose of this study was to compare the QRS morphology, duration, and suitability of RV outflow tract (RVOT) septal and mid-RV septal pacing. Methods: Seventeen consecutive patients with indication for dual-chamber pacing were enrolled in the study. Two standard 58-cm active fixation leads were passed to the RV and positioned in the RVOT septum and mid-RV septum using a commercially available septal stylet (model 4140, St. Jude Medical, St. Paul, MN, USA). QRS duration, morphology, and pacing parameters were compared at the two sites. The RV lead with less-satisfactory electrical parameters was withdrawn and deployed in the right atrium. Results: Successful positioning of the pacing leads at the RVOT septum and mid-RV septum was achieved in 15 patients (88.2%). There were no significant differences in the mean stimulation threshold, R-wave sensing, and lead impedance between the two sites. The QRS duration in the RVOT septum was 151 ± 14 ms and in the mid-RV septum 145 ± 13 ms (P = 0.150). Conclusions: This prospective observational study shows that septal pacing can be reliably achieved both in the RVOT and mid-RV with active fixation leads using a specifically shaped stylet. There are no preferences in regard to acute lead performance or paced QRS duration with either position.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1169-1173
Number of pages5
JournalPACE - Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Volume33
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • outflow tract and mid ventricular sites
  • right ventricular septal pacing

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