Revisiting the role of Notch in nephron segmentation confirms a role for proximal fate selection during mouse and human nephrogenesis

Kathryn Duvall, Lauren Crist, Alison J. Perl, Naomi Pode Shakked, Praneet Chaturvedi, Raphael Kopan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Notch signaling promotes maturation of nephron epithelia, but its proposed contribution to nephron segmentation into proximal and distal domains has been called into doubt. We leveraged single cell and bulk RNA-seq, quantitative immunofluorescent lineage/fate tracing, and genetically modified human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to revisit this question in developing mouse kidneys and human kidney organoids. We confirmed that Notch signaling is needed for maturation of all nephron lineages, and thus mature lineage markers fail to detect a fate bias. By contrast, early markers identified a distal fate bias in cells lacking Notch2, and a concomitant increase in early proximal and podocyte fates in cells expressing hyperactive Notch1 was observed. Orthogonal support for a conserved role for Notch signaling in the distal/proximal axis segmentation is provided by the demonstration that nicastrin (NCSTN)-deficient human iPSC-derived organoids differentiate into TFA2B+ distal tubule and CDH1+ connecting segment progenitors, but not into HNF4A+ or LTL+ proximal progenitors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopment (Cambridge)
Volume149
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • Development
  • Kidney
  • Nephron
  • Notch
  • Proximal tubule
  • Segmentation

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