Review - Polymer/Ceramic Interface Barriers: The Fundamental Challenge for Advancing Composite Solid Electrolytes for Li-Ion Batteries

Yonatan Horowitz, Moran Lifshitz, Anna Greenbaum, Yuri Feldman, Steve Greenbaum, Alexei P. Sokolov, Diana Golodnitsky*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Composite-solid electrolytes, in which ion-conducting polymers are combined with superionic ceramics, could revolutionize electrochemical-energy-storage devices enabling higher energy density, providing greater stability during operation and enhanced safety. However, the interfacial resistance between the ceramic and polymer phases strongly suppresses the ionic conductivity and presents the main obstacle to the use of these materials. Here, we emphasize the need for a distinct focus on reducing energy barriers to interfacial ion transport and improving the cation transference number. To achieve this goal, it is essential to develop a fundamental understanding of the parameters that influence the interfacial barriers to ion transport in composite electrolytes, and to understand the effect of the type of ceramic ("active"and "inert") and its content on ion-transport phenomena. We suggest that adapting the polymer chemistry, mainly directed on polymerized ionic liquids, (PolyILs), and combined with functionalization of the surface of ceramic nanoparticles is a promising route for overcoming the high-energy-barrier challenge. Owing to high content of ion-conducting ceramics and high t+ of PolyILs, the fractional contribution of the migrating cationic species to the total ionic conductivity of polymer-in-ceramic electrolytes via an interfacial percolation path, will be close to unity, thus eliminating complications that might arise from emerging concentration gradients during the operation of solid-state batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number160514
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume167
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

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