This review covers recent publications investigating the relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and gastroesophageal reflux disease, Barrett's esophagus, eosinophilic esophagitis, peptic ulcer disease (PUD), H pylori gastritis, and functional dyspepsia. In the area of gastroesophageal reflux disease, new data suggest that reflux may have a role in the transmission of H pylori infection. In addition to several observational studies, data on alterations in esophageal physiology in patients with H pylori infection are presented. Further evidence for the inverse relationship between H pylori infection and Barrett's esophagus is available in the form of a meta-analysis from the North American Barrett's and Esophageal Carcinoma Consortium. The relationship between H pylori infection and eosinophilic esophagitis remains uncertain. Although new data do not indicate a significantly lower prevalence of H pylori among patients with eosinophilic esophagitis, a meta-analysis showed a 37% reduced risk of eosinophilic esophagitis among H pylori-infected patients. Novel data are presented on the genetic variability of bacterial virulence factors and their relationship with PUD. We also report data on plasma biomarkers, which may detect progression to gastric cancer in H pylori-associated PUD. A new meta-analysis was published, which assessed the risk of PUD in low-dose aspirin users with H pylori infection. Finally, we report on the ongoing attempts to stratify patients with gastritis using endoscopic methods when compared to standard biopsy examination.
- eosinophilic esophagitis
- gastroesophageal reflux disease
- peptic ulcer disease