Reversal of cystoid macular edema in gyrate atrophy patients

Dan Heller, Chen Weiner, Iris Nasie, Yair Anikster, Yuval Landau, Tal Koren, Russell Pokroy, Adi Abulafia, Eran Pras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study reports the presentation of two families with gyrate atrophy (GA). The aim of this study was to characterize the potential effect of therapeutic regimens on macular edema. Methods: Two unrelated patients with GA were studied for the potential effect of low protein diet (≤ 0.8 g/kg/d), and oral administration of pyridoxine (500 mg/day), on serum ornithine levels, best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp, OCT, and auto-fluorescence findings. Blood samples for DNA, mRNA, and exons of the OAT gene were screened for mutations and splicing effect when relevant. Results: At presentation, both patients manifested typical ophthalmic features of GA including cystoid macular edema (CME). One patient also exhibited optic nerve head hamartoma. Following treatment ornithine levels have lessened, BCVA improved, and central macular thickness (CMT) markedly decreased in all four studied eyes. The molecular pathologic features included a novel splice site mutation (c.900+1G>A). Conclusions: We have identified a novel mutation and two formerly described mutations in patients with GA. Of them, one patient comprised an unusual phenotype including bilateral astrocytic hamartomas. We have recognized for the first time improvement in CME following treatment with low protein intake and pyridoxine supplement. This finding may have significance in the understanding of treatment options for macular edema regardless of underlying etiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-554
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmic Genetics
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Cystoid macular edema
  • OAT gene
  • gyrate atrophy

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