Background Adherence is generally associated with improved treatment outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. Different components of the patient profile have an impact on patient adherence. Capturing nonadherent patients by identifying modifiable risk factors in daily practice still remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to identify modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for nonadherence in IBD patients. Methods Patients filled out questionnaires including demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic information and accessibility to gastrointestinal services. Psychological features were assessed using the Sense of Coherence, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, IBD-Self Efficacy, and Brief Illness Perception (BIPQ) questionnaires. Adherence to treatment was evaluated using the Morisky score. Results The study included 311 patients: 62.4% females, median age 34.78 years, 70.4% Crohn's disease (CD). Multivariate analysis was done in 3 sections: demographic and disease characteristics, communication with medical staff, and psychological aspects; all included sex and disease type. Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients were less adherent (odds ratio [OR], 1.792; OR, 1.915; OR, 1.748; respectively). Females were less adherent in 2 sections (OR, 1.841; OR, 1.751; respectively). Employment (OR, 2.449), low score in on the BIPQ-understanding of disease (OR, 0.881), and poor communication with the gastroenterologist (OR, 1.798) were also predictors of low adherence. Conclusions Nonmodifiable characteristics such as female sex and UC are associated with low adherence. Good communication with the treating physician and understanding the disease are modifiable factors associated with high adherence. Early intervention might improve patients' adherence.
- inflammatory bowel disease