Retrograde ejaculation

H. Yavetz*, L. Yogev, R. Hauser, J. B. Lessing, G. Paz, Z. T. Homonnai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Retrograde ejaculation is an uncommon cause of male infertility. It should be suspected in any case of azoospermia, and might be congenital, acquired or idiopathic in origin. When pharmacological attempts to restore anterograde ejaculation fail, it is suggested that spermatozoa should be recovered from post-ejaculation urine to be applied in one of the modern techniques of assisted reproduction. The successful recovery of viable spermatozoa from the urine is dependent upon careful regulation of pH and osmolarity of the urine at the time of ejaculation. Careful handling of the retrieved supermatozoa enables isolation of sperm cells with good quality for insemination of ovulated oocytes (in vivo) or retrieved oocytes (in vitro).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-386
Number of pages6
JournalHuman Reproduction
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1994


  • Azoospermia
  • Male infertility
  • Retrograde ejaculation


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