Retinal vascular occlusions in ocular Behçet disease – a comparative analysis

Michael Ostrovsky, Dan Ramon, Salam Iriqat, Abdallah Shteiwi, Yael Sharon, Michal Kramer, Vicktoria Vishnevskia-Dai, Shaul Sar, Yosif Boulos, Oren Tomkins-Netzer, Natalie Lavee, Yael Ben-Arie-Weintrob, Hadas Pizem, Tamar Hareuveni-Blum, Marina Schneck, Raz Gepstein, Dua Masarwa, Nakhoul Nakhoul, Erez Bakshi, Shiri ShulmanMichaella Goldstein, Marina Anouk, Amir Rosenblatt, Zohar Habot-Wilner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The literature on retinal vascular occlusions in Behçet disease (BD) patients is limited. The aim of this study is to thoroughly investigate retinal vascular occlusions among ocular BD patients. Methods: Retrospective, multicentre case–control study. Three-hundred and three eyes of 175 patients with ocular BD, from 13 hospitals in Israel and Palestine, were included. Patients were assigned into two groups according to the presence of retinal vascular occlusion. Epidemiology, systemic and ocular manifestations, treatments and outcomes were compared between the groups and risk factors for retinal vascular occlusions were identified. Results: One hundred twenty-five patients (71.4%) were male. The mean age at presentation was 28.2 ± 0.86 years. Retinal vascular occlusions were found in 80 eyes of 54 (30.9%) patients, including branch retinal vein occlusion (51.3%), peripheral vessels occlusions (32.5%), central retinal vein occlusion (13.8%) and arterial occlusions (7.5%). Systemic manifestations were similar among both groups. Anterior uveitis was more common in non-occlusive eyes (p < 0.01). Non-occlusive retinal vasculitis (p = 0.03) and ocular complications were more common in occlusive eyes (p < 0.01). Treatments including mycophenolate mofetil, Infliximab or a combination therapy of anti-metabolite and calcineurin inhibitor were more commonly used by occlusive patients (p < 0.05). Occlusive patients underwent more cataract surgeries (p = 0.03). The occlusive group had worse mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) throughout follow-up (p < 0.01). Risk factors for retinal vascular occlusions included male sex and Jewish ethnicity (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Retinal vascular occlusions were found in a third of ocular BD patients. Occlusive eyes had a worse prognosis. Risk factors for vascular occlusions were identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)619-626
Number of pages8
JournalActa Ophthalmologica
Volume101
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Keywords

  • Behçet disease
  • Behçet uveitis
  • branch retinal artery occlusion
  • branch retinal vein occlusion
  • central retinal artery occlusion
  • central retinal vein occlusion
  • ocular Behçet disease
  • peripheral vessels occlusions
  • retinal vascular occlusions

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